Tanzania is in fact the union of two states, Zanzibar and Tanganyika. It consists of 26 states or districts with 3 of them in Zanzibar and the islands around it, while the rest of the districts are situated in the main land in Tanganyika at the continent of Africa.
Humans have resided in Tanzania as early as two million years ago. About 2,000 years in the past, groups of fishermen started to reside and gather in the country that we call Tanzania today. Waves of emigration continued in different periods of history until Islam became the prominent religion of the country in the 8th and the 9th centuries AD.
Arabs from Oman started taking control of Tanzania at the end of the 19th century when the Sultan of Oman, Said Bin Sultan, relocated his capital to Zanzibar in 1840 when the city became the center of the trade of slaves. Today Zanzibar with its marvelous beaches welcomes many travelers who spend their holidays in Tanzania.
The Germans invaded Tanzania, except for the island of Zanzibar, at the end of the 19th century and the country became part of the German Eastern Africa. However, after the defeat of the Germans in World War I, Great Britain took control of Tanzania.
The British control over Tanzania ended in 1961 after a transitory period. A few years later, when the inhabitants of Zanzibar got rid of the Arabian rulers, the republic of Tanzania was established between the island of Tanzania and the area of Tanganyika with the capital located in Dar El Salaam.
Many tourists have started choosing to spend their vacation in Tanzania lately due to a number of reasons. The beaches of Tanzania are among the most beautiful in the whole world. Overlooking the Indian Ocean, the resorts of the islands of Zanzibar and Pemba are particularly quite amazing with the palm trees and different types of plants surrounding the beaches that offer the guests who tour Tanzania with matchless ambience hardly found anywhere else in the world.
Among the most interesting activities tourists who spend their holiday in Tanzania would do is to go on a safari trip to the protected areas that are rich with many types and species of animals. The Northern section of Tanzania has three marvelous protected areas of Serengeti, Ngorongoro, and Manayara that would make wonderful one-day trips.
There are for example the Mikumi and Ruaha and Protected Area where travelers who tour Tanzania can ride in a 4X4 vehicle and watch lions, tigers, Panthers, and various types of wild animals in their natural habitat. There are more than 25000 types of animals who live in Tanzania.
One of the most wonderful protected areas tourists who travel to Tanzania should never miss is the Serengeti National Park. This beautiful park is huge in size and it is famous for the immigration of more than one million wildebeests and a large number of Zebras. This natural park is considered to be among the best in Africa due to the richness of the natural life and the large variety of animals that can be viewed there.
Tanzania is also featured for hosting the highest mountain in the whole globe. The Kilimanjaro Mountain is among the places that would attract travelers from all over the world to for trips in Tanzania. The Kilimanjaro Protected Area is included in the UNESCO world heritage list for its historical significance.
If you are the type of tourist who loves historical sites, Zanzibar hosts the Stone Town, the oldest section of the island. This area has played a significant role in the commercial activities of slaves and spices in the 19th century.
The old buildings of the city, which survived until today, reflect the amazing blend of the African, Arabian, European, and Indian outlines of architecture and design. Zanzibar, which the Arabs ruled for a long period of time, has some remarkable historical mosques as well.
If you are a fan of wonderful beaches, safari trips, wild animals, huge mountains, and African culture, plan your next trip to Tanzania, where you would surely have a superb vacation in a marvelous destination!